Gum disease is a common condition, affecting most persons at least once in their lives. Gum disease is usually painful, and it causes the gum to become swollen or sore. Gum disease may cause tooth loss and gum abscess, which require treatment with surgery if it is not addressed on time.
Preventing gum disease is easy, and these four steps discussed subsequently will help you avoid gum disease.
What causes gum disease?
Gum disease occurs due to the build-up of plaque, and the disease can occur at any stage of the plaque build-up.
Plaque is a softbacteria that builds-up on the gum and teeth. When you remove the plaque, it produces toxins that irritate the gum tissues, and this leads togingivitis (stage one of gum disease).
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It shows symptoms such as bad breath, redness, swelling or bleeding of the gums. Gingivitis is easy to treat because it is the first stage of gum disease. If gingivitis is not untreated, it develops into periodontitis. Periodontitis affects the gum, tissues, bone and fibres that hold the teeth, and causes permanent damage to them. Periodontitis leads to the formation of pockets below the gumline, which causes the gum to recede.
When gum disease develops to periodontitis, the best form of treatment to prevent further damage is periodontal therapy and improved oral hygiene. If periodontitis is not treated, it destroys the tissues supporting the teeth, making the teeth lose to shift out of their position or fall out.
How to prevent gum disease
These four simple and easy tips will help you prevent gum disease and maintain good dental hygiene.
- Brushing your teeth
Brushing your teeth helps to avoid the build-up of plaque. Brushing requires using the right technique to achieve the best result. To brush properly, hold your brush at an angle of 45 degrees, using small circular and back movements with the brush, gently scrub every surface of your teeth.
Alternatively, you can use the ‘bus route’ technique, which involves brushing the teeth from the same spot every day, and following the same direction and pattern every time you brush.
Flossing helps to remove plaques and debris from the teeth. It also helps control the build-up of tartar. Different types of floss are available, so get the one that works best for you. If you are not able to floss correctly, speak to your dentist who may recommend alternatives such as flossing tapes, interdental brushes or floss holders.
- Eating balanced diets
Eating a balanced diet provides sufficient nutrients for your jawbone, teeth, and gums to remain healthy. If your gum tissues do not receive enough vitamins and nutrients, they may not be able to fight off gum disease.
If you take a lot of foods with sugar, the sugar will react with plaques on your teeth to form acids which dissolve the teeth and cause tooth decay. After each meal, chewing sugar-free gum will help clear the food particles away and restore a healthy environment that prevents plaques from producing toxins and acids.
- Stop smoking
Smoking can lead to many general health problems. In the mouth, smoking may decrease blood circulation that helps to keep the gums healthy. Lack of blood circulation is a primary cause of gum disease.
Following these steps is sufficient to prevent gum diseases, but you also need to attend regular dental check-ups with your dentist. Your dentist can spot any problem that could lead to gum disease, and this increases your chances of treating the disease.
If you are residing in Harley Street area and you notice any symptom like bleeding or receding gums, soreness, swelling and redness, you can visit this web-site to book nearest dentist in Harley Street.